李克强总理在第十一届东亚峰会上的讲话(中英对照)

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在第十一届东亚峰会上的讲话

Remarks at the 11th East Asia Summit

 

中华人民共和国国务院总理  李克强

H.E. Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China

 

2016年9月8日,万象

Vientiane, 8 September 2016

 

尊敬的通伦总理,

各位同事:

 

Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith,

Dear Colleagues,

 

很高兴与各位同事在美丽的万象相聚。

 

It gives me great pleasure to join you in the beautiful city of Vientiane.

 

当前,世界政治经济格局正经历复杂深刻演变。全球经济增长乏力,贸易保护主义抬头,政治安全冲突和动荡、难民危机、恐怖主义等地区热点和全球性挑战加剧,推动世界经济稳定复苏、维护国际和平稳定的任务紧迫而艰巨。东亚地区仍然被视作远离战争冲突的“净土”和贸易投资较快发展的热土。我们正是在和平稳定的条件下才实现发展繁荣。这样的局面来之不易,值得各方倍加珍惜。

 

The world political and economic landscape is undergoing complex and profound changes. There has been anemic global growth, resurfacing trade protectionism, and increasing regional hotspots and global challenges such as political and security conflicts and turbulence, refugee flow and terrorism. All this makes it imperative and daunting to promote steady world economic recovery and maintain international peace and stability. In comparison, East Asia is still regarded as a land free of war and conflict and a land of robust growth of trade and investment. It is with such peace and stability that we have achieved development and prosperity. Such achievements are hard-won and should be doubly cherished by all sides.

 

自2005年成立以来,东亚峰会为增进各方理解与互信、促进地区和平稳定与发展繁荣作出了积极贡献。如今东亚峰会已迈入第二个十年。各方应珍惜和遵循东亚峰会积累的经验,把握正确方向,突出工作重点,推动东亚合作行稳致远。

 

Since its inception in 2005, the EAS has played a positive role in enhancing mutual understanding and mutual trust as well as regional peace, stability, development and prosperity. The EAS has now entered its second decade. Parties need to cherish and draw on the experience that the EAS has obtained, keep working in the right direction, highlight priorities, and secure steady progress for East Asian cooperation for the long run.

 

我们应继续坚持东亚峰会作为“领导人引领的战略论坛”定位,支持东盟中心地位,奉行协商一致、照顾各方舒适度等“东盟方式”,积极务实地推动对话合作。中方支持峰会机制建设,支持建立东盟秘书处东亚峰会小组。中方倡议由这一小组牵头梳理《落实〈金边发展宣言〉行动计划》的工作进展,适时启动制定第二期行动计划,推动峰会合作迈上新台阶。

 

We need to keep the EAS as a “leaders-led” strategic forum, support ASEAN centrality, adhere to the ASEAN way of building consensus and accommodating each other’s comfort level, and advance dialogue and cooperation in a positive and pragmatic way. China supports institution building of the EAS and the setting up of an EAS unit of ASEAN Secretariat. China hopes that the unit will coordinate efforts to review progress in the Plan of Action to Implement the Phnom Penh Declaration on the EAS Development Initiative and that the drafting of a second-phase plan of action will be started in due course, so as to take EAS cooperation to new heights.

 

经济发展合作与政治安全合作是驱动东亚峰会的两个“轮子”,应该相互促进、同步前进。

 

Economic development cooperation and political and security cooperation are the two wheels driving EAS forward. They should reinforce each other and advance in parallel.

 

在经济发展方面,一是大力支持地区互联互通。中方与老挝共同提议此次峰会发表《关于促进东亚基础设施发展合作的万象宣言》,旨在为区域一体化注入持久动力。中方愿与各方共同推动“一带一路”建设,发挥好亚洲基础设施投资银行、丝路基金等融资平台的作用,为地区互联互通建设提供资金支持。二是加快推进自贸区建设。中国和东盟正加紧推动自贸区升级有关议定书成果落地。中方将与日本、韩国共同推动中日韩自贸区谈判尽早取得阶段性成果。希望区域全面经济伙伴关系协定(RCEP)谈判尽快完成,同其他自贸安排相互促进,共同推进包容性的亚太自贸区建设。三是加强社会民生领域合作。中方将继续举办好东亚峰会清洁能源论坛和新能源论坛,推动相关技术和经验交流。中方将继续与地区国家积极开展教育政策对话,推动培训研修和语言文化交流合作。

 

In economic development: first, we need to vigorously support connectivity building in the region. China and Laos have jointly proposed a Vientiane Declaration on Promoting Infrastructure Development Cooperation in East Asia to be issued at today’s EAS with a view to inject enduring impetus to regional integration. China hopes to work with all parties to promote development of the Belt and Road Initiative. We could use such financing platforms as the AIIB and the Silk Road Fund to provide capital support for regional connectivity. Second, we need to speed up the building of FTAs. China and ASEAN are stepping up efforts to deliver the outcomes of the protocol to upgrade the FTA, and China, Japan and the ROK will work together for early progress in the negotiations of the trilateral FTA. We hope to see early conclusion of the RCEP negotiations so that the RCEP and other free trade arrangements will reinforce each other and promote the development of an inclusive FTA of the Asia-Pacific. Third, we need to strengthen cooperation in areas related to people’s well-being. China will ensure success of the EAS Clean Energy Forum and EAS New Energy Forum, and will facilitate sharing of relevant technologies and experience. China will continue to engage actively in education policy dialogue with countries in the region and will encourage cooperation in training programs and exchanges in language and culture.

 

在政治安全方面,中国坚持奉行大小国家一律平等、相互尊重的外交传统,倡导共同、综合、合作、可持续的新安全观,共同维护地区和平安宁。一是加强非传统安全合作。当前,恐怖主义、自然灾害、跨国犯罪、传染性疫病等非传统安全威胁日益凸显,成为地区国家面临的紧迫安全挑战。中方愿与各方加强合作,共同应对。2012年以来,中国和美国、联合国相关机构等方面举办了五次东亚峰会地震应急演练,明年将举办第六次。中方将于明年举办东亚峰会海上搜救经验交流研讨会。二是探讨区域安全架构建设。东亚峰会作为战略论坛,应高度重视区域安全架构问题,创新地区安全理念,构建反映地区现实、符合各方需求的区域安全架构。中方欢迎泰国明年主办东亚峰会第六届区域安全架构研讨会,也愿积极考虑举办“二轨”研讨会。三是妥善处理热点敏感问题。本地区国家比邻而居,就像舌头和牙齿难免磕磕碰碰。相关当事方应秉持相互尊重、求同存异、和平共处的精神,通过直接谈判与协商妥善处理矛盾分歧。在有关问题彻底解决前,应开展对话,寻求合作,管控好分歧,不要让矛盾由小变大、激化升级。

 

In the political and security area, China upholds the diplomatic tradition that all countries, irrespective of size, are equal and should respect one another; China champions a new vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and calls for joint efforts to uphold regional peace and tranquillity. First, we need to enhance non-traditional security cooperation. Non-traditional security threats such as terrorism, natural disasters, transnational crimes and infectious diseases are getting more prominent and posing imminent security challenges to countries in the region. China will step up cooperation with all parties to cope with these challenges. Since 2012, China, the United States and relevant UN agencies have held five rounds of earthquake emergency response exercises and will hold the sixth round next year. China will host a workshop to exchange experience in maritime search and rescue next year. Second, we need to explore building of the regional security architecture. The EAS, as a strategic forum, should pay high attention to the regional security architecture. It should foster a new thinking on regional security and build a regional security architecture that reflects the reality of the region and meets the need of all parties concerned. China welcomes the sixth Seminar on Regional Security Architecture to be hosted by Thailand next year and will consider holding a track-two workshop in this regard. Third, we need to properly handle hotspot and sensitive issues. Countries in this region live side by side as neighbors. Frictions are hardly avoidable, just like between the tongue and the teeth. Parties concerned need to adhere to the principle of mutual respect, seeking common ground while shelving differences and peaceful coexistence, and properly handle differences and disagreements through direct negotiation and consultation. Pending the final solution of relevant issues, it is important to carry out dialogue, seek cooperation, manage differences and frictions and prevent escalation of tension.

 

当前,朝鲜半岛形势仍然复杂敏感。中方在朝鲜半岛问题上的立场是一贯的。我们坚持维护核不扩散体系,坚持实现半岛无核化,坚持维护半岛和平稳定,坚持通过对话协商解决问题。各方要全面完整执行安理会有关决议,共同努力维护半岛和平稳定,尽快使朝核问题回到通过对话谈判解决的轨道上来。中国坚决反对任何可能加剧地区紧张局势的做法,欢迎所有有利于地区缓和的行动和对话。

 

The situation on the Korean Peninsula remains complex and sensitive. China’s position regarding the Korean Peninsula is consistent. We are committed to the nuclear nonproliferation regime, to denuclearization on the Peninsula, to maintaining peace and stability there, and to resolving issues through dialogue and consultation. Parties need to implement relevant UN Security Council resolutions in their entirety. They need to work together to maintain peace and stability on the Peninsula, and quickly bring the Korean nuclear issue back to the track of dialogue and negotiation. China firmly opposes any move that might aggravate tension in the region, and welcomes all actions and dialogue that are conducive to easing tension in that part of the region.
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